Let’s take a little break from all the sexual addiction and betrayal trauma content and spend a few weeks just getting to know our God a little better. Sometimes I need to step away and focus on my Savior, don’t you? Let’s spend the next 5 weeks doing a little study on God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. This week we’ll learn about the Trinity. After that we’ll take three weeks dedicating one to each Person of the Godhead. Finally, in the fifth week we’ll examine our role – what should our response be to God? The goal of all this is simple: We want to know God! We want a deep and abiding relationship with Him. Every great relationship includes a sincere desire for intimacy. A quick read through of Psalms 139 demonstrates God’s personal knowledge of us, so let’s be inspired to get to know Him too.
Before we can get to know each individual member of the Trinity, though, we have to first lay the foundation by exploring how the Bible can claim there is one God while simultaneously naming Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as God. It seems contradictory. But then, we’ll discover much of what God has revealed to us about Himself can seem somewhat contradictory to our limited, finite, human understanding. So, before we go any further, let’s take a moment to pray and ask God for wisdom.
“Heavenly Father, You’ve told us in Your Word that if any of us lacks wisdom we need only ask You. You’ve promised never to rebuke us for asking. Lord, we recognize that we’re far beneath You and somewhat incapable of understanding Your greatness… but we’re asking You now to fill us with Your Holy Spirit and give us understanding. We’re asking you to give us eyes to see, ears to hear, hearts that understand and feet that are quick to obey. We’re asking this in the powerful name of Jesus Christ. Amen.”
The Three Persons of God
1 Peter 1:1-3 – This letter is from Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ. I am writing to God’s chosen people… God the Father knew you and chose you long ago, and His Spirit has made you holy. As a result, you have obeyed Him and have been cleansed by the blood of Jesus Christ.
These verses in 1 Peter provide a great example of the One God being described as three separate persons with unique purpose and function: The Father knew us and chose us before we even existed. It was His plan which was set in place and has been carried out throughout all of time. He is the One who sends the Holy Spirit to indwell us, soften our hearts, and make us holy. To cause us to respond in obedience to His call. But it is only through the shed blood of Jesus Christ that our sins can be covered and we can be made whole. Let’s see if we can find another Scripture passage that shows the three distinct persons of the Trinity working separately at the same time.
Luke 1:35 – The angel replied, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the baby to be born will be holy, and He will be called the Son of God.”
Here, Luke narrates the incarnation of Jesus Christ. The moment when God became flesh. How special to find all three members of the Trinity present and active in that work! It was through the power of the Father (the Most High) that the Holy Spirit did the work of placing Jesus into Mary’s womb. How precious that moment was! Let’s thank our Father for His mighty power which was able to contain the great I AM inside those first two cells in Mary’s womb! Let’s thank the Spirit for His miraculous work which made it possible for a virgin to become pregnant with our Lord and Savior! Let’s thank our Immanuel for submitting Himself to God’s will, giving up His divine privilege, allowing Himself to be confined to a human body, and living a sinless life so that we could be restored. We don’t deserve such love! How special to find all three members of the Trinity present and active in the incarnation - the moment when God became flesh! Click To Tweet
The Deity of the Triune God
1 Corinthians 8:6 – But for us, there is one God, the Father, by whom all things were created, and for whom we live. And there is one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things were created, and through whom we live.
We’ve established there are three separate persons making up the Godhead, but can we be sure each of these persons is fully God? I don’t think there’s much debate as to the deity of God the Father, but just to be sure and cover all our bases, the verse above in 1 Corinthians clearly states there is one God, and the Father is that God. It says also, there is one Lord and Jesus Christ is that Lord. So, does that mean Jesus as Lord is somehow something other than God? Let’s see what other Scripture we can find to answer that question.
Deuteronomy 6:4 – Listen, Oh Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord alone.
This verse states that the Lord is God. So, we know there is no distinction between the Lord and God. I believe this is sufficient to demonstrate the deity of both the Father and the Son, but just to be sure, let’s look at another verse that proves the deity of Jesus.
Philippians 2:5-7 – You must have the same attitude that Christ Jesus had. Though He was God, He did not think of equality with God as something to cling to. Instead, He gave up His divine privileges... and was born as a human being.
There you have it. Jesus was God, but gave up His divine privileges to come to us. So, what about the Holy Spirit? Let’s look at a passage in Acts which I believe is all the evidence we need to prove He too is fully God.
Acts 5:3-4 – Then Peter said, “Ananias, why have you let Satan fill your heart? You lied to the Holy Spirit, and you kept some of the money for yourself. The property was yours to sell or not sell, as you wished. And after selling it, the money was also yours to give away. How could you do a thing like this? You weren’t lying to us but to God!”
Peter told Ananias that he had lied to the Holy Spirit and therefore lied to God. So, we must conclude the Holy Spirit is God. This means we have seen through Scripture that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are all fully God. Combined with what we learned before, we now know God reveals Himself to us through three separate divine persons. Each One having a unique purpose and function in the work of God.
The One God
We’ve seen from Scripture that God exists as a Holy Trinity – three separate persons, all fully divine. We saw that each of these persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit play a unique role in the work of God. But how do we know there aren’t simply three Gods? Why do we keep saying they are a Trinity – separate persons but one God?
Deuteronomy 6:4 (ESV) – Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is One.
John 10:30 – The Father and I are One.
Isaiah 44:6 – This is what the Lord says – Israel’s King and Redeemer, the Lord of Heaven’s Armies:
“I am the First and the Last; there is no other God.”
Galatians 3:20 – Now a mediator is helpful if more than one party must reach an agreement. But God, who is One, did not use a mediator when He gave His promise to Abraham.
There isn’t a whole lot I have to add. Scripture says time and time again that there is one God. It says the Father is God. It says the Son is God. It says the Holy Spirit is God. Three Divine Persons. One God.
The Unified Work of the Trinity in Creation and Salvation
The unified work of the Trinity can be seen all over Scripture. But there are two examples I believe require special attention. I think it’s important we note that all three members of the Godhead played crucial roles in both creation and salvation.
We need to know that everything was formed by the whole of God and for the whole of God. We need to know we were created in His unified image. That aspects of all three Persons show up in who we are. And we need to know that it is through the work of each member of the Godhead that we can be reconciled to all of Him. We need to know everything was made by and for the whole of God. We were created in His unified image, so aspects of all three show up in who we are. And it is through the work of each member of the Godhead we can be reconciled to all of Him. Click To Tweet
Ephesians 2:13, 18 – But now you have been united with Christ Jesus. Once you were far away from God, but now you have been brought near to Him through the blood of Christ… Now all of us can come to the Father through the same Holy Spirit because of what Christ has done for us.
Once we were far away from God. (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) Each and every one of us have been separated from God because of our sins, and each Person of the Trinity wanted so badly to bring us back to Himself that He participated in the work to make a way.
The way was provided through the blood of Jesus Christ. He made the sacrifice, He paid the price; but someone had to accept the sacrifice. That was the role of the Father. He sent Jesus to earth, and He accepted His work on the cross. He declared it sufficient and allows us to come to Him through the power of the Holy Spirit. This Holy Spirit takes up residence in our hearts and fills us with His power, guiding us along the path that God has prepared for us. The path that leads back to Him. It is a mighty work – salvation! One that includes all three members of the Godhead. How very intricate – the work of our great God! Let’s thank God today for the gift of salvation!
Genesis 1:1- In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Deuteronomy 32:6 – Is this the way you repay the Lord, you foolish and senseless people? Isn’t He your Father who created you? Has He not made you and established you?
John 1:1-5 – In the beginning the Word already existed. The Word was with God, and the Word was God. He existed in the beginning with God. God created everything through Him, and nothing was created except through Him. The Word gave life to everything that was created, and His life brought light to everyone. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness can never extinguish it.
Job 33:4 – For the Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
Genesis 1:26-27 – Then God said, “Let us make human beings in our image, to be like us...” So God created human beings in His own image. In the image of God He created them; male and female He created them.
In various parts, Scripture identifies each person of the Trinity as an active member in creation. Even the creation story itself ends with a conversation God had with Himself in which He said, “Let US” make man and woman in “OUR image.” Friends, we are created in the image of God. We bear a resemblance not only to God the Father, but also to God the Son and God the Holy Spirit! Our amazing God is so marvelously complex and He made us like Him! As we dig deeper into this study and learn more about Him, let’s strive to be everything we were created to be.
*How about you? What have you learned about God specifically pertaining to the Trinity lately? Let us know in the comments below.
***Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are taken from the Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.
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